146 6 Ave.,
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Ontario Tourism Region : Northeastern Ontario
- Pop. 4,357. In GlacIaneyer T., Cochrane Dist., on L. Commando and Hwys 11 & 652, 83 km. N of Timmins.
- The First Nations Peoples name for the site was Little Lake Camping Grounds. In 1908 it was named Cochrane for Frank Cochrane, Ontario's minister of lands and forests in the early 1900s.
- The town was almost wiped out by forest fires in 1910, 1911, and 1916. Cochrane is the southern terminus of the Polar Bear Express excursion train to Moosonee, 300 Ian N on the Moose R. estuary at James Bay.
- The 49th Parallel crosses Hwy 11 about 6 km. S of Cochrane. (The line of latitude that forms the southern boundary of Canada's western provinces was the subject of bitter dispute between Canada and the United States during the first half of the 19th C.
- Another plaque marks Niven's Meridian, which crosses Hwy 11 about 3 km. W of Cochrane.
- In 1896 the Ontario government set Alexander Niven the task of surveying a baseline from the CPR tracks due N to the Moose R. Two years later, Niven completed laying an astronomically straight line through 480 km of forests, lakes, swamps, and muskeg.
Natural Resources Canada in the District of Cochrane.
Address of this page: http://www.stirling.ruralroutes.com/cochraneontario