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Ontario Tourism Region : Northeastern Ontario
- Settlements of: Lively, Whitefish, Naughton, Creighton, Mine, Worthington, Onaping Falls, Valley East, Capreol, Copper Cliff, Walden.
- Pop. 91,056. City in Reg. Mun. of Sudbury on L. Ramsey and Hwys 17,69, & 144, 125 km W of North Bay. Sudbury, nicknamed 'Nickel Capital of the World,' was created by the CPR, which established it as a siding in 1883.
- It was named by James Worthington, superintendent ofthe construction crews, after his wife's birthplace in Suffolk, England.
- In 1884, during construction of the rail bed, copper and nickel ores were discovered just west of the townsite, resulting in an influx of prospectors and mining interests.
- In the 1920s, a smelting method known as 'heap roasting' was used. In this process, ore with a high sulphur content was piled on beds of timber, which were then burned.
- The piles burned for months, creating fumes in which no vegetation could survive, which left the area resembling a moonscape -- U.S. astronauts actually trained here for their moon landing.
- In the late 1970s The Greening of Sudbury was launched. Hundreds of students spread tons of lime on soil in and around the city and planted a type of coarse grass and small deciduous trees.
- Sudbury is on the edge of a massive indentation in the landscape called The Sudbury Basin.
- The elliptical depression, 59 km long and 27 km wide, is believed to have been caused by a meteorite two billion years ago, or a huge volcanic eruption, or a combination of the two.
- The parking meter was invented in Sudbury in 1940 and the city has the world's tallest smokestack at 1,250 feet. Lake Ramsey is the largest lake inside any city in North America.
- About 45 years ago, Sudbury erected The Big Nickel, the world's largest coin. The replica, 30 feet (9.1 m) in diameter, is of the Canadian 1951 commemorative five-cent coin, the 'nickel,' and is made of stainless steel.
- In 1984 Northern Ontario's biggest tourism magnet opened at Sudbury. Science North is a hands-on science museum housed in two snowflake-shaped buildings that cling to a rocky ledge on the shore of L. Ramsey.
Natural Resources Canada in the District of Sudbury.
Address of this page: http://www.stirling.ruralroutes.com/regionofsudbury